You are given that the sum is 5 or less, so we should only consider those sums. If you toss a pair of dice, there are 10 ways to get a sum of 5 or less:1,1 1,2 1,3 1,42,1 2,2 2,33,1 3,24,1Remember that the order of the dice matters, so 1 on first die and 4 on second is different from 4 on first die and 1 on second.Looking at the sums that come up from these, you get2 3 4 53 4 54 55So, of these 10 sums, 6 are odd. The probability is 6/10 = 0.6.edit: Those of you who said that the probability is 6/36, you are not reading carefully enough. That is the probability of sum is 5 or less and sum is odd. That was not what was asked for. We are given that the sum is 5 or less, so we only look at those 10 possibilities.
